Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is uncommon and tends to be treatable, particularly because it’s often found in its early stages. Surgery is considered the first line of treatment — the gland is removed and hormone replacement drugs are used thereafter.

Chemotherapy and/or radiation may also be used in conjunction with the surgery, but it depends on the patient and stage of the cancer

Goiter

Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck. A goiter can be caused by a variety of factors and conditions, and treatment ranges from watchful waiting (no treatment) to surgery.

The thyroid gland produces the hormones thyroxine (also called T4) and triiodothyronine (also called T3). (Most of the T4 is changed to T3 outside of the thyroid.) These hormones play a role in certain bodily functions, including body temperature, mood and excitability, pulse rate, digestion and others

Thyroid disease

The thyroid gland is a small organ that’s located in the front of the neck, wrapped around the windpipe (trachea). It’s shaped like a butterfly, smaller in the middle with two wide wings that extend around the side of the throat. The thyroid is a gland. We have glands throughout our body, where they create and release substances that help the body do a specific thing. The thyroid makes hormones that help control many vital functions of the body.

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